DSSEP Home Page
Delaware Social Studies End of
Cluster Expectations

Grades 6-8

Grades K-3 | Grades 4-5 | Grades 6-8 | Grades 9-12

Civics Benchmarks
Economics Benchmarks
Geography Benchmarks
History Benchmarks


Governments have the power to make and enforce laws and regulations, levy taxes, conduct foreign policy, and make war.

Analyze the different functions of federal, state, and local governments in the United States and examine the reasons for the different organizational structures each level of government employs.



Analyze how changes in technology, costs, and demand interact in competitive markets to determine or change the price of goods.


Demonstrate mental maps of the world and its subregions which include the relative location and characteristics of major physical features, political divisions, and human settlements.


Examine historical materials relating to a particular region, society, or theme; and analyze change over time; and make logical inferences concerning cause and effect.


Understand that the concept of majority rule does not mean that the rights of minorities may be disregarded and will examine and apply the protections accorded those minorities in the American political system.

Understand the principles and content of major American state papers such as the Declaration of Independence; United States Constitution (including the Bill of Rights); and the Federalist Papers.



Analyze the role of money and banking in the economy, and the ways in which government taxes and spending affect the functioning of market economies.


Apply a knowledge of the major processes shaping natural environments to understand how different people have changed, and been affected by physical environments in the world's subregions.


Master the basic research skills necessary to conduct an independent investigation of historical phenomena.

Examine historical documents, artifacts, and other materials, and analyze them in terms of credibility, as well as the purpose, perspective, or point of view for which they were constructed.




Understand that civil rights secure political freedom while property rights secure economic freedom and that both are essential protections for United States citizens.

Understand that American citizenship includes responsibilities such as voting, jury duty, obeying the law, service in the armed forces when required, and public service.


[Economic Systems]

Demonstrate the ways in which the means of production, distribution, and exchange in different economic systems have a relationship to cultural values, resources, and technologies.


Identify and explain the major cultural patterns of human activity  in the world's subregions.


Compare different historians descriptions of the same societies in order to examine how the choice of questions and use of sources may affect their conclusions.




Follow the actions of elected officials, and understand and employ the mechanisms for communicating with them while in office.


[International Trade]

Examine how nations with different economic systems specialize and become interdependent through trade and how government policies allow either free or restricted trade.


Understand the processes affecting the location of economic activities in different world regions.

Explain how conflict and cooperation among people contribute to the division of the Earth's surface into distinctive cultural regions and political territories.


*US & Delaware History Beginnings to 1877

*World History
Beginnings to 1,500 AD

(Back to top)

 End of Cluster Expectations | Social Studies Literature | Field Trips |
Internet Resources Articles | DSSEP Home Page | DCTE Home Page | Join Our listserv |
Workshops | Key Delaware Benchmark Terms


University of Delaware Web PageSend comments to Fran O'Malley at fomalley@udel.edu.
This page was last modified on: