2:07 p.m., Feb. 22, 2011----A novel approach to reducing the energy consumed by computers has brought international recognition to two University of Delaware graduate students.
Elkin Garcia and Daniel Orozco, doctoral students in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, won “best paper” for their work at the 6th International Conference on High-Performance and Embedded Architectures and Compilers (HiPEAC) 2011 workshop on Programmability Issues for Multi-core Computers (MULTIPROG).
Held this year on Heraklion, Crete, Greece, HiPEAC is a central annual networking event for computing systems researchers in Europe.
The paper, entitled "Energy efficient tiling on a many-core architecture," details a simple but powerful model for describing the energy consumption of an emerging class of many-core architectures, and then uses this model to minimize the energy consumption of a parallel program based on the way the computations are tiled.
Energy consumption is a major cost in supercomputing, explains Orozco, with power and energy efficiency representing two main design constraints in creating new parallel computer architectures.
“We've developed a new parallel algorithm that reduces the total energy consumption by 75 percent over naive tiling structures. This approach could be applied to extend the battery life of portable devices and to decrease the requirements of cooling systems on modern computers,” explains Orozco, a fifth year doctoral student working under faculty adviser Guang R. Gao, Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
“This work will impact scientific programs in future generations, where the dominant design factor is likely to be energy consumption and not speed or cost per computer,” says Garcia, one of a growing number of students pursuing graduate degrees at UD as a result of the UD-Colombian University summer exchange program.
He and Orozco hope to extend their research, conducted under funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF), to other algorithms and study its impact on energy consumption, while also investigating the relationship between optimum tiling on increasing performance versus energy efficiency.
“The paradigm shift to parallel (multi-core) computing systems has created a momentum in the research community to tackle the most pressing problems for this technology that future computing systems will face,” adds Per Stenstrom, professor of computer engineering at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, who helped organize the MULTIPROG workshop.
“The work done by Prof. Gao's students offers a method for how to bring down the energy consumed when utilizing the computational performance of future multi-cores. The importance of the problem and the quality of the research contribution were key factors in awarding the paper.”
The UD-Colombian University summer exchange program originated in 2008, after four UD engineering faculty attended a symposium organized by Colciencias (the Colombian NSF) and expressed a desire for mutual scientific partnership and information exchange.
To date, the UD program has hosted 59 Colombian scholars. Twelve of these individuals have returned or will soon return to UD as students or visiting scholars.
“This exchange program is a positive example of UD's active efforts to engage South American students in our graduate programs -- students who go on to do great things,” says Sylvain Cloutier, professor of electrical and computer engineering, who serves as the program's faculty adviser.
The UD-Colombian exchange program has been supported by the College of Engineering and the departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. This year's program was also partially funded by the UD Institute for Global Studies through the Global Partnership Initiatives Program.
Article by Karen B. Roberts
Photo by Gonzalo Garateguy