Curriculum Vitae




(Work)                                        (Home)
Philosophy Department      34 Minquil Dr.
University of Delaware      Newark, DE 19713
Newark, DE 19716       302-737-0127


B.A. in Philosophy and History, Summa Cuma Laude, from the University of Delaware, 1975.

M.A. in Philosophy from the University of Delaware, 1976.
Thesis: A Comparison Between St. Augustine of Hippo and St. Anselm of Canterbury on Certain Problems Concerning the Freedom of the Will.  Robert Brown, Advisor.

Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Notre Dame, January, 1982.  Dissertation: St. Anselm of Canterbury on Divine and Human Ideas. Stephen Gersh, Advisor.

Ph.D. in Humane Studies (honores causa) St. Anselm College, Manchester NH, 2005.

Areas of Specialization

Medieval Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Free Will

Areas of Competence

Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ethics (including Contemporary Moral Problems).

Post-Graduate Teaching Experience

University of Delaware:  Professor, 2008- Present. Associate Professor: 2001- 2008. Assistant Professor: Part-time, Fall 1980-Spring 1985; Full-time, Fall 1985- Spring 1996. Tenure track, Fall 1996-Spring 2001. Courses taught most frequently: Early Medieval Philosophy, Late Medieval Philosophy, Great Western Philosophers, Philosophy in Film.


American Catholic Philosophical Association (Executive Committee in 2005)
Society of Christian Philosophers (Executive Committee in 2005))
Board of Advisors, Institute for Anselm Studies, St. Anselm College, Manchester, NH



Freedom and Self-Creation: Anselmian Libertarianism, Oxford University Press (2015)

Anselm on Freedom , Oxford University Press (2008)

Perfect Being Theology, Edinburgh University Press ( for the series Reason and Religion edited by Paul Helm) (2000).

The Neoplatonic Metaphysics and Epistemology of Anselm of Canterbury , The Edwin Mellen Press (1997).

The Anselmian Approach to God and Creation, The Edwin Mellen Press (1997).

Articles in Refereed Journals

“The Incarnation as Action Composite”, Faith and Philosophy 30 (2013) 251-270.

 “The Divine Controller Argument for Incompatibilism”, Faith and Philosophy 29 (2012) 275-294.

 “Time, foreknowledge, and alternative possibilities,” with Jeffrey Green, Religious Studies 48 (2012) 151-164.

 “Anselm on the Ontological Status of Choice”, International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2012) 183-197.

"Christ our Brother: Family Unity in Anselm's Theory of the Atonement," American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2012) 223-236.

 "Anselm Against McCann on God and Sin: Further Discussion”, Faith and Philosophy 28 (2011) 397-415

“Defending Boethius: Two Case Studies in Charitable Interpretation”, International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2011) 241-257.

"Back to Eternalism: A Response to Leftow's 'Anselmian Presentism'", Faith and Philosophy 26 (2009) 320-338.

"Evidence for God from Certainty" Faith and Philosophy 25 (2008) 31-46.

"Anselmian Eternalism: The Presence of a Timeless God," Faith and Philosophy 24 (2007) pp.3-27.

"God is not the Author of Sin: An Anselmian Response to McCann," Faith and Philosophy 24 (2007) pp.300-310

"Anselm and His Islamic Contemporaries on Divine Necessity and Eternity," American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2007) pp.373-393

"Forgiveness, Retribution, and the Character Creation Theory of Punishment," Social Theory and Practice 33 (2007) pp.75-103.

"The necessity of the present and Anselm's eternalist response to the problem of theological fatalism," Religious Studies 43 (2007) pp.25-47.

"Anselm on Eudaemonism and the hierarchical structure of moral choice," Religious Studies 41 (2005) pp.249-268.

"God and Moral Realism," International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (2005) pp.103-118.

"Augustine's Compatibilism," Religious Studies 40:4 (2004) 415-435.

"Does God Cause Sin? Anselm of Canterbury versus Johathan Edwards on Human Freedom and Divine Sovereignty," Faith and Philosophy 20 (July 2003) 371-378.

"The Abolition of Sin: A Response to Adams in the Augustinian Tradition," Faith and Philosophy 19 (January 2002) 69-84.

"What's Wrong with Occasionalism?"  American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (Summer 2001) 345-369.

"Omniscience, Eternity, and Freedom," International Philosophical Quarterly 36  (December, 1996) 399-412.

"The Traditional Doctrine of Divine Simplicity," Religious Studies 32 (1996) 165-186.

"St. Augustine on Time and Eternity," American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 70 (Spring, 1996) 207-223.

"Eternity has no Duration," Religious Studies 30 (January, 1994) 1-16 .

"Anselm on Praising a Necessarily Perfect Being," International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 34 (August, 1993) 41-52.

"The Medieval Approach to Aardvarks, Escalators, and God," The Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (January, 1993) 63-68.

"Personhood, Potentiality and the Temporarily Comatose Patient," Public Affairs Quarterly 6 (April, 1992) 245-254 .

"Hume on Necessary Causal Connections," Philosophy 66 (October, 1991) 517-521.

Articles in Online Journals

"Anselm on Free Will and the (Possibly) Fortunate Fall" St. Anselm Journal (online) Spring 2008, 53kb.

"Anselm on God's Eternity as the Fifth Dimension" The Saint Anselm Journal (2006)

"Anselm on Freedom and Grace" The Saint Anselm Journal 2 (2005).

"Anselm on God's Perfect Freedom," The Saint Anselm Journal 1 (2003) 115K.

Articles in Collections, Text Books, Encyclopedias, Proceedings, Festschriften, etc.

“Defending the Isotemporalist Solution to the Freedom/Foreknowledge Dilemma: Response to Rhoda”, Debates in the Metaphysics of Time, ed. L. Nathan Oaklander (London: Bloomsbury, 2014) 275-289.

 “An Anselmian Defense of the Incarnation,” Debating Christian Theism, ed. Moreland, Meister, and Sweis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 393-403.

"Freedom, Science and Religion", Scientific Approaches to the Philosophy of Religion,  ed. Yujin Nagasawa
(Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) 237-254. 

"Anselm and the Classical Idea of God: A Debate" (with William Hasker), Philosophy of Religion: the Key Thinkers, ed. Jeffrey Jordan (London: Continuum, 2011) pp.7-21.

"Incarnation", The Cambridge Companion to Christian Philosophical Theology, Charles Taliaferro and Chad Meister, eds. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) 95-107.

"Anselm on Freedom" under "Liberta, etica, filosofia di dio in anselmo d'aosta nel nono centenario della morte" Acta Philosophica 18 (2009) 155-157.

"God, Time, and Freedom," in Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues, Paul Copan and Chad Meister, eds. (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008), pp.202-214

"Libertarianism in Kane and Anselm" Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 81 (2007) 279-290

"A Clone By Any Other Name: The Delaware Cloning Bill as a Model of Misdirection", in Ethical Issues in the Life Sciences, Frederick Adams, ed. (Charlottesville, VA: Philosophy Documentation Center Press, 2007) pp.247-255.

"Love, Family, and Tradition in Confucianism and Christianity," (in Chinese) Interfaith Dialogue: East and West, Mel Steward, ed. (Social Sciences Press of Beijing: 2004) 164-177.

"Philosophy of Religion," Chapter in Reflections on Philosophy: Introductory Essays, ed.  McHenry and Yagisawa,  (New York: Longman Publishers, 2002) .

"Preface," Saint Anselm--His Origins and Influence, ed. John R. Fortin, (Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2001).

"A Defense of Anselm's Cur Deus Homo Argument," Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association Annual Meeting, 2000.

"The Fall" and "Adam and Eve" in Augustine Through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, ed. Allan D. Fitzgerald, O.S.A., (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publising Co., 1999).

"Equal Before God: St. Augustine on the Nature and Role of Women," Nova Doctrina Vetusque: Essays on Early Christianity in Honor of Fredric W. Schlatter, S.J., ed. Catherine Brown Tkacz and Douglas Kries.  American University Studies VII: Theology and Religion. (New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1998) pp.169-185.

"C.S. Lewis on Disobeying God, or, Peter Abelard Visits Perelandra," The Year's Work in Medievalism, 1991, ed. Michael Rewa (Holland, Michigan: 1996) 85-91.

"Can Christianity be Proven? St. Anselm of Canterbury on Faith and Reason," Anselm Studies II, Joseph C. Schnaubelt et al., eds. (Kraus International Publications, 1988) 459-479.

"Augustinian Evil in C.S. Lewis's Perelandra," The Transcendent Adventure, Robert Reilly, ed., Greenwood Press, 1985, 83-91.

Book Reviews

Peter van Inwagen, ed. Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil (William B. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids, MI, 2004) in Religious Studies 42 (2006) pp.111-116.

Miller, Barry, A Most Unlikely God (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996) in Religious Studies 34 (1998) pp.359-363.

O'Connor, David, God and Inscrutable Evil: In Defense of Theism and Atheism (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998) Religious Studies 35 (1999) pp.231-236.

Selected Conference Papers and Addresses (Only papers not already mentioned on CV are included.)

"A Self-Causation Theory of Punishment: Retribution for Theists" Wheaton Philosophy Conference, Wheaton IL, October 2002.

Keynote Address, "Anselm on Freedom and the imago Dei," The Second Saint Anselm Conference, Saint Anselm College, Manchester, NH, April, 2002.

"Anselm on Freedom and Frankfurt," Western Division Society of Christian Philsophers Annual Meeting, April, 2002.

 "Euthanasia in a Theist Universe," Western Division Society of Christian Philosophers Annual Meeting April, 2001.

"7+3=God: Augustine's Argument from Certainty,"Wheaton Philosophy Conference, Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL October, 1999

"Passional Reasoning, First Principles, and the Case for Christianity,"Central Division APA Meeting (1997):

All of the following read at Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Studies Conference Villanova University, Villanova PA:

"Thomas Aquinas on the Direct Knowledge of God" (1998)

"Platonism in Anselm's Ontological Argument" (1995)

"The Irrelevance of Original Sin in Augustine's Doctrine of the Will" (1994)

"Eriugena and Anselm on God's Causal Omniscience" (1992)

"Anselm the Indeterminist" (1991)

"Algazali and Hume on Believing in Causal Connections" (1990)