CHEM-342 Introduction to Biochemistry
Midterm Examination - Individual Part
Friday, 24 March 2000
H. B. White - Instructor

Important - Please read this before you turn the page.

            A. ( 30 points) Short Answer.

            B. ( 45 points) Problem and Short Essay Questions.

Part I Short Answer. (3 Points each) Explain the following:

A. Relation of hemoglobin to methemoglobin

B. Starch iodine test used by Zinoffsky

C. Difference between decomposition and incineration of hemoglobin.

D. A stoppered suspension of blood cells will gradually change from red to purplish.

E. The source of sulfur in hemoglobin.

F. Red blood cells sink more slowly in 2M NaCl than in blood serum.

G. Reducing agents cause a spectral change in hemoglobin yet the iron remains Fe II.

H. Blood in veins appears blue but is bright red when a person bleeds.

I. In preparing hemoglobin for iron analysis, how does Zinoffsky eliminate sulfur, nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen from his sample?

J. Gravimetric and Manometric analysis.

Bonus question (2 Points) Draw a diagram that clearly shows how one should arrange three trapezoidal tables in 208 Gore Hall to form a table surface in the shape of an equilateral triangle.

Part II Problems and Short Essays

1. (10 Points) Professor Essigsauer is back in the lab playing around with paper chromatography this time. Having failed in his initial quick-and-dirty attempts at getting hematin to migrate using diethyl ether or distilled water as a solvent system, he has started rummaging around the lab looking for other solvents to try. Unfortunately, his impatience is getting in the way of a more systematic approach. Based on your experience and understanding:

Why didn't diethyl ether or water work as a chromatography solvent for hematin?

What solvents or solvent mixtures do you think Dr. Essigsauer should try next?

Provide a clear explanation for your recommendations.

2. (8 Points) Explain (1) why crystallization is a chemical criterion for purity and (2) why the elemental analysis of the mother liquor in Zinoffsky's study provided an additional indication that his hemoglobin crystals were pure. Feel free to use illustrations to support your explanations.

3.  (12 Points) "Progress depends on new techniques, new discoveries, and new ideas, probably in that order." Sydney Brenner Analyze each of the three articles you have studied so far this semester in the context of Brenner's quotation.

4. (15 Points) Read the following abstract from an article in The Journal of Biological Chemistry 268, 26972 (1993), and answer the questions that follow.

A. (2 Points) What does hemolysate mean?

B. (3 Points) How many iron atoms would you expect in the BC2 trimer? Why?

C. (5 Points) Sketch the oxygen binding curve for bullfrog hemoglobin B or C showing what is meant by cooperativity and indicate how it would differ from that when B and C are present together.

D. (5 points) You are not expected to fully understand the abstract. However, you are expected to be able to focus in on critical aspects that you don't understand (learning issues). In your own words, describe what you think the abstract is saying and identify two substantive learning issues that you would need to pursue to better understand the article.

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Last updated 1 April 2000 by Hal White.
Copyright 2000, Harold B. White, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716