Oleg Danilovich Kalugin

(former) Major General Soviet KGB

Paul J. Redmond

(former) Chief of Counterintelligence
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

Oleg Danilovich Kalugin is a retired Major General in the Soviet KGB. Born in Leningrad in 1934, his father was an officer in Stalin's NKVD. Oleg Kalugin attended Leningrad State University and was recruited by the KGB for foreign intelligence work,

Paul Redmond served as an Intelligence Office of the CIA from 1965 to 1998. In field operations, Mr. Redmond served in East Asia, Europe and Eastern Europe as case officer and Chief of Station

Chief Directorate. Undercover as a journalist, he attended Columbia University in New York as a Fulbright Scholar in 1958 and then worked as a Radio Moscow correspondent at the UN in New York, conducting espionage and influence operations. From 1965 to 1970, he served as deputy rezident and acting chief of the Rezidency at the Soviet Embassy in Washington, DC. General Kalugin rose quickly in the First Chief Directorate, becoming the youngest general in the history of the KGB, and eventually he became the head of worldwide foreign counterintelligence. Serving at the center of some of the most important espionage cases of his period, including the Walker spy ring, he quickly became known for his aggressive operational methodology.

General Kalugin's internal criticism of lawlessness, arbitrary rule, and cronyism within the KGB caused friction with the KGB leadership, and he was demoted to serve as first deputy chief of internal security in Leningrad from 1980 to 1987. He recalls that for the first time in his career, he saw that the KGB's internal functions had little to do with the security of the state, and everything to do with maintaining corrupt Communist Party officials in power. Kalugin retired from the KGB in 1990 and became a public critic of the Communist system.

Kalugin's vocal attacks on the KGB won him both notoriety and a political following. In 1990, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree stripping General Kalugin of his rank, decorations, and pension. General Kalugin then ran successfully for the Supreme Soviet, or "Parliament" of the USSR. From that post he continued his attacks on KGB abuses. Following the August 1991 putsch, General Kalugin became an unpaid advisor to reformist KGB Chairman Vadim Bakatin, who succeeded in the dissolution of the old state security apparatus, but had little time to reform it.

In addition to currently teaching regularly at The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, General Kalugin has taught at Catholic University and lectured throughout the country. He is also the Chairman of Intercon International, which provides information services for businesses in the former Soviet Union. He contributes regularly to its Daily Report on Russia and the former Soviet Republics, and some other US publications. Since 1998, General Kalugin has been representing in the US The Democracy Foundation, headed by Alexander Yakolev, a former politburo member and close ally of Mikhail Gorbachev.

General Kalugin's autobiography, The First Chief Directorate: My 32 Years in Intelligence and Espionage Against the West, was published in September 1994 by St. Martins Press. He collaborated with former CIA Director William Colby and Activision to produce Spycraft: The Great Game, a CD-ROM game released in February 1996. General Kalugin has appeared in television news shows and documentaries all over the world.


At CIA headquarters, he served in these positions:

Supporting Moscow operations
Chief of Counterintelligence for the Soviet East European Division
Deputy Chief of the Soviet East European Division Deputy Chief of the Director of Central Intelligence's Counter Intelligence Center
Special Assistant to the DCI for Counterintelligence and Security
Associate Deputy Director of Operations for Counterintelligence
Investigations of major spy cases including Aldrich Ames and several in Europe

Mr. Redmond received the Distinguished Intelligence Medal in 1994, the Federal Order of Merit from the President of Germany in 1995, and the U.S. National Distinguished Service Medal in 1999.

Since retirement, Mr. Redmond has consulted in counterintelligence and was retained by the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Intelligence. He also served as director of the Central Intelligence Agency's internal investigation of the Robert Hanssen spy case.