Phone: 302-831-3011

Dr. Samuel Lee was born in California and grew up in Washington State. He moved East to New Jersey during his senior year in high school, and in 1984, moved to New England to attend Boston University. At Boston University, Sam majored in biomedical engineering and was first introduced to the research world by doing his senior research project with the NeuroMuscular Research Center. Following graduation in 1988, Sam worked as a research technician in the Muscle Fatigue Laboratory of the NeuroMuscular Research Center under the guidance of Dr. Serge Roy and Don Gilmore. It was at this laboratory that he developed an interest in physical therapy related research.

In 1990, Sam enrolled in the University of Delaware to pursue a Master's degree in Physical Therapy. Upon finishing the clinical degree in 1992, Sam chose a research elective and stayed on at the University of Delaware to complete an optional Master's Thesis. Following completion of his thesis in 1993, Sam decided it was necessary to gain some clinical experience before pursuing doctoral work. He completed a Pediatric Physical Therapy Fellowship with Dr. Toby Long at the Georgetown University Child Development Center in Washington, D.C. Then, moving back to the Boston area, Sam worked in both outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation settings at Whittier and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospitals, respectively.

In 1994, Sam returned to the University of Delaware for the Doctoral Program in Biomechanics and Movement Science. Under the mentorship of Dr. Stuart Binder-Macleod, Sam pursued his interest in applications of electrical stimulation for rehabilitation purposes. Specifically, Sam was interested in functional electrical stimulation applications in which stimulation is used to activate muscles to support the body or to produce purposeful movements. In 1999, he completed his doctoral work, which examined varying the patterns of electrical stimuli delivered to the quadriceps femoris muscle, to optimize performance of dynamic contractions.

Dr. Lee joined the research team at Shriners Hospitals for Children, Philadelphia in November 2000 following postdoctoral work with Dr. Krista Vandenborne in Rehabilitation Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. At Shriners Hospital, Dr. Lee heads up a research project that examines the effects of strengthening programs consisting of electrical stimulation or volitional exercise on strength and functional ability in children with cerebral palsy. This work has just received funding as an R01 to Dr. Lee from the National Institute of Child Health and Development of the National Institutes of Health. In addition to this work, collaborative studies using functional electrical stimulation in children and adolescents with spinal cord injury are in the works with colleagues at the University of Delaware.

In addition to his work at Shriners Hospital, Dr. Lee is a Research Scientist and an adjunct instructor in the Physical Therapy Departments at the University of Delaware and Temple University, respectively. When away from work, Sam enjoys riding restored classic BMW motorcycle. Other hobbies he enjoys include restoring and racing vintage cars.

For information...
Follow this link for Dr. Lee's Curriculum Vitae, Published Articles, & Recent Research Accomplishments

Dr. Lee was named "Researcher of the Month" at the University of Delaware!

Please contact the Research Department at 302-831-3011 or Email Dr. Samuel Lee at