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Former CIA and KGB spies to face off at UD March 12

3:30 p.m., March 11, 2003--Oleg Danilovich Kalugin, former major general of the Soviet KGB, and Paul J. Redmond, former chief of counterintelligence for the CIA, will face off in a program entitled, “Spy vs. Spy: Down and Dirty in the Espionage Trenches,” at 7:30 p.m., Wednesday, March 12, in the auditorium of Clayton Hall. The presentation is part of the ongoing Global Agenda Speaker Series, “Spies, Lies and Sneaky Guys.”

Oleg Danilovich Kalugin
Kalugin is a retired major general who served in the Soviet KGB. Born in Leningrad in 1934, his father was an officer in Stalin's NKVD. Kalugin attended Leningrad State University and was recruited by the KGB for foreign intelligence work. Undercover as a journalist, he attended Columbia University in New York City as a Fulbright Scholar in 1958 and then worked as a Radio Moscow correspondent at the UN in New York, conducting espionage and influence operations.

From 1965-70, he served as deputy resident and acting chief of the residency at the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C. Kalugin rose quickly in the First Chief Directorate, becoming the youngest general in the history of the KGB. Eventually he became the head of worldwide foreign counterintelligence. Serving at the center of some of the most important espionage cases of his period, including the Walker spy ring, he quickly became known for his aggressive operational methodology.

His internal criticism of lawlessness, arbitrary rule and cronyism within the KGB caused friction with KGB leadership and he was demoted to serve as first deputy chief of internal security in Leningrad from 1980 to 1987. He recalls that for the first time in his career, he saw that the KGB's internal functions had little to do with the security of the state and everything to do with keeping corrupt Communist Party officials in power. Kalugin retired from the KGB in 1990 and became a public critic of the communist system.

Kalugin's vocal attacks on the KGB won him both notoriety and a political following. In 1990, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree stripping Kalugin of his rank, decorations and pension. Kalugin then ran successfully for the Supreme Soviet, or "parliament" of the USSR. From that post, he continued his attacks on KGB abuses. Following the August 1991 putsch, Kalugin became an unpaid advisor to reformist KGB Chairman Vadim Bakatin, who succeeded in the dissolution of the old state security apparatus, but had little time to reform it.

In addition to currently teaching at The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, Kalugin has taught at Catholic University and lectured throughout the country. He also is the chairman of Intercon International, which provides information services for businesses in the former Soviet Union. He contributes regularly to its “Daily Report on Russia and the former Soviet Republics” and to U.S. publications. Since 1998, he has represented The Democracy Foundation in the U.S., headed by Alexander Yakolev, a former Politburo member and close ally of Mikhail Gorbachev.

Kalugin's autobiography, “The First Chief Directorate: My 32 Years in Intelligence and Espionage Against the West,” was published in 1994 by St. Martins Press. He collaborated with former CIA Director William Colby and Activision to produce “Spycraft: The Great Game,” a CD-ROM game released in 1996. He has appeared on television news shows and documentaries all over the world.

Paul J. Redmond
In field operations, Redmond served in East Asia, Europe and Eastern Europe as case officer and chief of station. At CIA headquarters, he served as

  • Chief of counterintelligence for the Soviet East European Division;

  • Deputy chief of the Soviet East European Division;

  • Deputy chief of the Director of Central Intelligence's (DCI) Counterintelligence Center;

  • Special assistant to the DCI for Counterintelligence and Security;

  • Associate deputy director of Operations for Counterintelligence; and

  • Investigator of major spy cases, including Aldrich Ames and several in Europe

Redmond received the Distinguished Intelligence Medal in 1994, the Federal Order of Merit from the President of Germany in 1995 and the U.S. National Distinguished Service Medal in 1999.

Since retirement, he has consulted on counterintelligence and was retained by the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Intelligence. He also served as director of the CIA's internal investigation of the Robert Hanssen spy case.

Global Agenda is a program of UD’s “America and the Global Community” initiative and is presented in association with the World Affairs Council of Wilmington. For more information, directions and updates, check [www.udel.edu/global] or call 831-2355.

Article by Beth Thomas